Ecotourism is a responsible trip to fragile and protected areas to minimize the negative aspects of conventional tourism on the environment and enhance the cultural integrity of local people. Its purpose is to educate the traveler into the ecological conservation since it benefits directly the economic development of local communities and it respects all the cultures.
According to the definition and principles of ecotourism established by The International Ecotourism Society (TIES) in 1990, ecotourism is “Responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people.” (TIES, 1990).
Some environmentalists define ecotourism like “experiences on destinations untouched by human intervention“. Typically, this kind of tourism involves destinations where flora, fauna and cultural heritage are the primary attractions. There are too many places where you could “practice” ecotourism. We are going to propose you some of them:
The second destination is Kenya due to its incredible natural diversity, protected in 50 national parks and reserves across the country, from the virgin rain forest to the Maasai Mara Reserve or white beaches with coral reefs.
The Chitwan National Park is the first national park in Nepal, it was established in 1973 and it is located in the subtropical Inner Terai lowlands of south-central Nepal. The Chitwan National Park is home to at least 43 species of mammals. The “king of the jungle” is the bengal tiger, but we can find leopards, rhinoceros, crocodiles, gaurs…
Angels Falls it is the world’s highest waterfall with a height of 979 m and a plunge of 807 m. This wonder is drop in the Canaima National Park in Venezuela. The height of the fall is so great that, before getting anywhere near the ground, the most part of the water is evaporated.
The Peaks of Europe was the first National Park in Spain along with Ordesa and Monte Perdido National Park. It is a great mountain sourrended by amazing glacial lakes (Lakes of Covandonga). The most representative animals of the Peaks of Europe are the Pyrenean chamois and brown bears.
Other top destinations reccomended for ecotourism are Costa Rica, Palau or Norway. Most of these places have organizations that manage the correct nature and human preservation based on the envorinmental policies of those areas.